Understanding Anemia: Types & Charts

Anemia is a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the body lacks enough red blood cells or hemoglobin to carry oxygen throughout the muscles and tissues. This can lead to symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, shortness of breath, and pale skin. Anemia can be caused by a variety of factors, including nutritional deficiencies, chronic diseases, genetic disorders, and medications. An anemia types chart can help to understand the underlying causes of different types of anemia.

Anemia Types Chart: A Visual Guide To Different Types Of Anemia

There are several types of anemia, each with its own specific causes and characteristics. A chart or infographic can be a useful visual aid to help people understand the different types of anemia and their causes, symptoms, and treatments. By identifying the type of anemia and its underlying cause, healthcare providers can develop effective treatment plans that address the root cause of the condition and improve patients’ quality of life.

Some of the most common types of anemia and their causes are listed in the chart below:

Anemia TypesCause
Iron-deficiency anemiaLack of iron in the body
Vitamin-deficiency anemiaLack of essential vitamins such as B12 and folate
Anemia of chronic diseaseAssociated with long-term illnesses such as kidney disease
Hemolytic anemiaOccurs when red blood cells are destroyed faster than they can be produced

What Causes Anemia?

Anemia is a condition that can be caused by a variety of factors. One of the most common causes is iron deficiency, which occurs when the body doesn’t have enough iron to produce hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen. Iron deficiency anemia can be caused by a poor diet, pregnancy, blood loss due to injury or menstruation, and other factors.

Hemolytic anemia, where the red blood cells are destroyed faster than the body can produce them, can be caused by different factors, including autoimmune disorders, infections, and certain medications. Aplastic anemia is a rare but serious condition that occurs when the body stops producing enough red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.

Sickle cell anemia is a genetic disorder that causes red blood cells to be shaped like a sickle or crescent, which can lead to a variety of complications. Other less common causes of anemia include bone marrow disorders, chronic kidney disease, and inherited disorders such as thalassemia.

Recognizing Anemia Symptoms: What To Look Out For

Anemia can cause a range of symptoms that can vary depending on the type and severity of the condition. General symptoms of anemia include fatigue, weakness, pale skin, shortness of breath, and dizziness. Some people may also experience headaches, heart palpitations, or cold hands and feet. Symptoms can be mild or severe and can impact daily life, making it difficult to perform even simple tasks.

In addition to the general symptoms of anemia, different types of anemia can also cause specific symptoms. For example, iron-deficiency anemia can cause brittle nails, hair loss, and tongue swelling, while sickle cell anemia can cause episodes of pain, infection, and organ damage. It’s important to seek medical attention if you experience any symptoms of anemia, as early diagnosis and treatment can prevent complications and improve outcomes.

A healthcare provider can perform diagnostic tests, such as a complete blood count or blood smear, to determine the type and severity of anemia and develop an appropriate treatment plan. With proper treatment and management, many people with anemia are able to improve their symptoms and quality of life.


Anemia is a common condition that can be caused by a variety of factors, including iron and vitamin deficiencies. The symptoms of anemia can range from mild to severe and can impact daily life, making it important to seek medical attention if you experience any symptoms. Early detection and treatment of anemia are key to preventing complications and improving outcomes.

Treatment may include dietary changes, vitamin or iron supplements, medications, or more advanced interventions depending on the underlying cause and severity of the condition. If you suspect you may have anemia, it’s important to consult a medical professional to determine the underlying cause and develop an appropriate treatment plan.

Understanding the different types and causes of anemia and seeking timely medical attention can help you take control of your health and well-being.


Labpedia.net: Anemia Classification, Diagnosis, and Routine Workup

Studocu.com: Heme Anemia Types Chart – Chamberlain University

Mayo Clinic: Anemia – Symptoms and causes

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI): Anemia InBrief

Merck Manuals: Classification of Anemia by Cause – Hematology and Oncology – Merck Manuals Professional Edition

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